English Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndromes, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes, AIDS, Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired, Immuno-Deficiency Syndromes, Acquired, Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Acquired, Immunodeficiency Syndromes, Acquired, Immunologic Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired, Syndrome, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency, Syndrome, Acquired Immunodeficiency, Syndromes, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency, Syndromes, Acquired Immunodeficiency, ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDR, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS – Acquired immunodef synd, Acquired human immunodeficiency virus infection syndrome NOS, Acquired immune def.syndr.NOS, Acquired immunodeficiency synd, Immunodef-hum immunodef virus, Immunodeficiency due to human immunodefic virus infection, IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME ACQUIRED
Ron, 54, a public relations executive in the Midwest, started to worry about his health when he suddenly got winded just walking. “Everything I did, I got out of breath,” he says. “Before that I had been walking three miles a day.”
Jump up ^ Hymes KB, Cheung T, Greene JB, Prose NS, Marcus A, Ballard H, William DC, Laubenstein LJ (September 1981). “Kaposi’s sarcoma in homosexual men-a report of eight cases”. The Lancet. 2 (8247): 598–600. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(81)92740-9. PMID 6116083.
Keating SM, Golub ET, Nowicki M, et al. The effect of HIV infection and HAART on inflammatory biomarkers in a population-based cohort of women. AIDS. 2011 Sep 24. 25(15):1823-32. [Medline]. [Full Text].
HIV/Aids is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV is mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse, but can also be passed down from mother to child, acquired via blood transfusion with infected blood, or other methods. Once a person is infected, the virus remains in the body for life. There is no cure for HIV/Aids, but there are drugs that help control the virus, enabling people with symptoms of HIV to live full and healthy lives. There are also various methods to help prevent the spread of the disease.
Blood transmission — the risk of transmitting HIV through blood transfusion is extremely low in developed countries, thanks to meticulous screening and precautions. However, among people who inject drugs, sharing and reusing syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous.
Prophylactic treatment is that is given to prevent disease. AIDS patients with a history of Pneumocystis pneumonia, with CD4+ counts below 200 cells/mm3 or 14% of lymphocytes, weight loss, or thrush should be given prophylactic medications. Drugs that may be given include antibiotics such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) or pentamidine (Pentam-300, Pentacarinat) and anti-fungals such as amphotericin B (AmBisome), flucytosine (Ancobon), and clotrimazole (Lotrim AF, Mycelex, Femizole-7). All these drugs can have undesirable side effects.
HIV infections in the United States continue to be a major public health crisis. An estimated 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV, and 1 out of 8 people with HIV do not know they have it.1 Although recent data show that annual HIV infections declined 18% in the U.S. from 2008 to 2014, HIV continues to spread.2
The election of Barack Obama brought renewed attention to the domestic epidemic and loosened the conservative grip on the federal government’s prevention and research agenda. At the first post-Bush national H.I.V.-prevention conference in 2009, Christopher Bates, then the director of H.I.V./AIDS policy for Health and Human Services and interim executive director of the Presidential Advisory Council on H.I.V./AIDS, kicked off the event in Atlanta by jumping onstage with duct tape on his mouth, ripping it off and shouting, “Finally, I can speak!” On World AIDS Day in 2011, Obama directly addressed the H.I.V. crisis among gay black men in a speech at George Washington University: “When new infections among young black gay men increase by nearly 50 percent in three years, we need to do more to show them that their lives matter.”
Jump up ^ Carr JK, Foley BT, Leitner T, Salminen M, Korber B, McCutchan F (1998). “Reference sequences representing the principal genetic diversity of HIV-1 in the pandemic” (PDF). In Los Alamos National Laboratory. HIV sequence compendium. Los Alamos, New Mexico: Los Alamos National Laboratory. pp. 10–19.
^ Jump up to: a b c d Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents: recommendations for a public health approach (PDF). World Health Organization. 2010. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-92-4-159976-4. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 9, 2012.
HIV-2 is divided into groups A through E, with subtypes A and B being the most relevant to human infection. HIV-2, which is found primarily in western Africa, can cause AIDS, but it does so more slowly than HIV-1. There is some evidence that HIV-2 may have arisen from a form of SIV that infects African green monkeys.
Jump up ^ Visser, Marianne E.; Durao, Solange; Sinclair, David; Irlam, James H.; Siegfried, Nandi (2017). “Micronutrient supplementation in adults with HIV infection”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 5: CD003650. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003650.pub4. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 5458097 . PMID 28518221. [redirect url=’http://penetratearticles.info/bump’ sec=’7′]