^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p WHO case definitions of HIV for surveillance and revised clinical staging and immunological classification of disease in adults and children (PDF). Geneva: World Health Organization. 2007. pp. 6–16. ISBN 978-92-4-159562-9. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 31, 2013.
Risk of HIV transmission after skin penetration with a medical instrument contaminated with infected blood is on average about 1/300 without postexposure antiretroviral prophylaxis. Immediate prophylaxis probably reduces risk to < 1/1500. Risk appears to be higher if the wound is deep or if blood is inoculated (eg, with a contaminated hollow-bore needle). Risk is also increased with hollow-bore needles and with punctures of arteries or veins compared with solid needles or other penetrating objects coated with blood because larger volumes of blood may be transferred. Thus, sharing needles that have entered the veins of other injection drug users is a very high risk activity. Reported AIDS cases may be separated into groups based on these risk factors: homosexual or bisexual males--75%, intravenous drug abusers with no history of male homosexual activity--13%, Haitians with neither a history of homosexuality nor a history of intravenous drug abuse--6%, persons with hemophilia A who were not Haitians, homosexuals, or intravenous drug abusers--0.3%, and persons in none of the other groups--5%. Reported by the Task Force on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, CDC "Resistance occurs when the virus replicates in the presence of the drugs," said Dr. Stephen Boswell, president and CEO of Boston's Fenway Health, a healthcare organization that works with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. "Missed dosages lead to lower concentrations in the bloodstream and in the body, so the virus can become resistant and spread. So staying on your medications and not missing dosages is absolutely critical." These symptoms can come and go or get progressively worse. If you’ve been exposed to HIV, you may also have been exposed to other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Men are more likely than women to notice symptoms like sores on their genitals. But men typically don’t seek medical care as often as women. Jump up ^ Thorley JA, McKeating JA, Rappoport JZ (2010). "Mechanis ms of viral entry: sneaking in the front door". Protoplasma. 244 (1–4): 15–24. doi:10.1007/s00709-010-0152-6. PMC 3038234 . PMID 20446005. Bazex syndrome; acrokeratosis paraneoplastica keratoderma (i.e. erythema, scaling and irritation) of skin of ears, nose, hands and feet and later generalized hyperkeratosis in men with underlying internal malignancy; condition regresses when underlying malignancy is resolved German ERWORBENES IMMUNDEFEKTSYNDROM, erworbenes Autoimmunmangelsyndrom, erworbenes Autoimmunmangelsyndr, erworbenes Autoimmunmangelsyndrom, unspezifisch, erworbenes Immunmangelsyndrom NNB, Autoimmunmangelsyndrom, Erworbene Immundefektsyndrome, erworbenes Immunmangelsyndrom, AIDS, Erworbenes Immundefektsyndrom, Immundefektsyndrom, erworbenes, Immunologisches Defektsyndrom, erworbenes The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has brought about a global epidemic of massive proportions. HIV is a retrovirus and also the term often applied to the infection before the deterioration of the immune system to produce a full-blown picture of AIDS. You can help prolong your life by taking good care of yourself and developing a good relationship with an experienced doctor specializing in HIV and AIDS. Also, be consistent about taking your HIV medications as prescribed and getting regular lab work to catch any problems early. Jump up ^ Zwahlen M, Egger M (2006). "Progression and mortality of untreated HIV-positive individuals living in resource-limited settings: update of literature review and evidence synthesis" (PDF). UNAIDS Obligation HQ/05/422204. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2008. Enfuvirtide (T-20) is the only FDA-approved fusion inhibitor; it requires twice daily subcutaneous injections. Maraviroc (MVC) binds to and alters the structure of the CCR5 chemokine receptor, preventing it from being used as a coreceptor by HIV. Since some strains of HIV also can infect cells by using the CXCR4 chemokine receptor molecule as a coreceptor, MVC is ineffective in individuals who harbor CXCR4 tropic or dual tropic (using both CCR5 and CXCR4) virus. [redirect url='http://penetratearticles.info/bump' sec='7']